Geocodificação: localidades bíblicas no Google Earth

Bible Geocoding: The location of every identifiable place mentioned in the Bible.

Bible Geocoding

Complete Bible. Also available: KMZs arranged by book and by chapter. Turn book or chapter layers on and off to see patterns across the Bible. Use Google Earth to open KML and KMZ files.

Atlas: the atlas lists all the places alphabetically, complete with thumbnails, verses, and photos (when available).

Overlays: overlays for Google Earth let you see how maps of ancient and modern Jerusalem fit satellite imagery.

Bodies of Water: download a KML with outlines of the most of the bodies of water in the Bible.

Photos: about 10,000 photos of places in the Bible. These photos use the Flickr and Panoramio APIs and are thus of varying quality—many of them just happen to be of people or places near the ancient locations. But a lot of the photos are quite helpful: see Beersheba, Capernaum, and Ur, for example. I recommend for professional-quality photos of places in the Holy Land. Todd Bolen has done a fantastic job taking and collating photos.

O que é geocodificação?

Recursos para o estudo da geografia do mundo antigo

Roundup of Resources on Ancient Geography

Post atualizado hoje, 21 de março de 2016, por Charles Jones em AWOL – The Ancient World Online.

É uma grande e preciosa coleção de links comentados para sites que oferecem recursos digitais para o estudo da geografia do mundo antigo.

Por exemplo:
:. 2300 Ancient Sites on Google Earth
:. Ancient Locations: Database of Archaeological Sites
:. Ancient World Mapping Center
:. ANE Placemarks for Google Earth
:. APAAME: Aerial Photography Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East
:. Archaeological Survey of Israel

ANE Placemarks for Google Earth

Included in the following list are links to digital project dealing with geography and the ancient world. It is an eclectic list, culled mostly from entries in AWOL. It has no pretentions of being complete or comprehensive, but is offered to give readers a sense of the range of materials currently accessible.

Vale a pena conferir.

Geografia do ANE com o Google Earth

Leia o post de Mark Vitalis Hoffman, publicado hoje, 30/09/2013, em seu Biblical Studies and Technological Tools:

Google Earth Exercise for Biblical Geography

Ele começa dizendo:
In the previous post, I provided an exercise for learning how to use Google Maps in the service of biblical geography. I’ve now prepared another exercise for learning how to use Google Earth. Google Maps has incorporated some features of Google Earth and vice versa, but there are features in Earth that remain unique and particularly helpful for biblical studies.

O Mar Morto está morrendo, mas ainda pode ser salvo

Veja o show de slides na Scientific American: o Mar Morto está perdendo cerca de 1 metro de profundidade por ano, com a diminuição contínua de sua água.

The Dead Sea Is Disappearing, but Could Be Saved [Slide Show]

By Mark Fischetti – April 4, 2011

The surface of the Dead Sea, already 424 meters below sea level, is falling by a meter a year. Jordanians to the east, Israelis to the west, and Syrians and Lebanese to the north are pumping so much freshwater from the Jordan River that almost none reaches the sea any more. Israel and Jordan are also siphoning water from the lake to extract valuable minerals, hastening the decline. Photojournalist Eitan Haddok has traveled from Paris to the Middle East many times to document the sea’s retreat, as scientists try to understand the repercussions. Here are some additional Haddok images and insights to consider.

View the slide show – All photographs by Eitan Haddok

West Bank and East Jerusalem Searchable Map

West Bank and East Jerusalem Searchable Map, diz o título do post de 21/11/2009 em Biblical Studies and Technological Tools, escrito por Mark Vitalis Hoffman (mgvh)

E no site da UCLA, com data de 20 de novembro de 2009, leio:

Archaeologists publish first map of contested sites in Middle East
A team of archaeologists from UCLA, USC, Israel and Palestinian territories has developed the first map detailing Israeli archaeological activity in the West Bank and Jerusalem – much of it never publicly disclosed. The fully searchable online map, which serves as a window into thousands of years worth of archaeological sites in the Holy Lands, has won the 2009 Open Archaeology Prize from American Schools of Oriental Research, the main organization for archaeologists working in the Middle East…

Leia o texto completo. É um recurso extraordinário!

Recursos digitais para cartografia bíblica

Faça uma visita ao blog Biblical Studies and Technological Tools de mgvh ou Mark G. Vitalis Hoffman e veja a interessante série de posts sobre os recursos digitais úteis para cartografia bíblica. É só ler os posts sobre digital resources for biblical mapping.

E, amigo, não se preocupe: na minha opinião, um dia os blogs – alguns blogs, claro – ainda terão o reconhecimento acadêmico que merecem. O potencial de um blog acadêmico é grande, mas, por um lado, o lixo que se acumula na Internet parece não ter fim – e isto inclui os blogs – e, por outro lado, a esclerose da academia é mal antigo e conhecido.

Por que falo isso?

Por causa de seu post Will this be on the test? (Is blogging a worthy academic exercise?)

Tyndale: mapas e fotos para estudos bíblicos

É uma bela coleção de links para mapas e fotos úteis para os estudos bíblicos: Mapas interativos e Google Earth – Mapas tradicionais e em PowerPoint – Fotos da região e de sítios arqueológicos. No Tyndale Tech, por David Instone-Brewer – Tyndale House, Cambridge, Reino Unido.

Interactive maps & GoogleEarth – Traditional maps & powerpoint maps – Photos of places & archaeology. By David Instone-Brewer, Tyndale House, Cambridge, UK.

Persépolis virtual


Persepolis Reconstruction

The goal of this endeavour is to bring Persepolis back to life – not only to show the complexities of its urban design but also to illuminate the wealth of details to a wide spectrum of both professionals and interested laymen alike. The presented virtual reconstruction is based on the documentation obtained from the excavations led by E. Herzfeld, F. Krefter and E. F. Schmidt. Especially helpful to our project was the tremendous efforts of the architect, Friedrich Krefter, who in 1933 oversaw the excavations of this bygone empire and from 1963 to 1970 established a set of standards for Persepolis and therewith, a wealth of reconstruction drawings and two scale models of the great terraces the Achaemenid residential palace including its volumes, the great entrance vestibules and interiors are all standing once again before our eyes.

Our work has integrated with exactitude all existing and substantiated knowledge of Persepolis. Where personal interpretation was required, we have carefully weighed the suggestions of the archaeologists involved in the aforementioned excavations and have opted for what we believe to be the best solution from the various possibilities.

It is already possible through this virtual reconstruction to step back into the Persian Empire of the sixth century B.C. In the very near future a more advanced phase of this project will be realized. In that phase one will be able to once again visit the great terrace, the monumental buildings, the palatial residences, the public squares and the private gardens from every angle and perspective.

To digitally reconstruct these complex structures in their entirety including the vast richness of detail is an undertaking that will require a great deal of time to accomplish. The specific buildings can only gradually be created and the great terrace will be built step by step. What we at this point in time are presenting to you represents only the preliminary fruits of our labour and will be both qualitatively and quantitatively further developed – the results of which can be monitored through our updates on this website.

Atlas Bíblicos poderiam usar mais recursos da web

Criaram um Atlas Bíblico que usa as fotos de satélite e os mapas do Google para indicar localidades bíblicas.

Hoje vi no Blogos o texto Bible Mapping Sites onde se aprofunda o assunto, mostrando que a iniciativa é interessante, mas que este tipo de ferramenta poderia ser bem mais desenvolvida, utilizando muitos outros recursos da web.

Vale a pena ler o que escreveu Sean Boisen.


Bible Mapping Sites – January 13, 2007

The ESV Blog had a post last week about, a new interactive mapping application that combines the ESV Bible text, a Google Maps display, and articles from the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE). So you can find a passage, click on the hyperlinks for place names, and see a satellite picture of e.g. where Nazareth is actually located (unfortunately, Google can’t show you what it looked like 2000 years ago!).
Of course, it’s wonderful that people are making these kinds of applications available: thinking about the place names in the Bible is an essential part of really understanding the context, though i suspect most Bible readers tend to simply gloss over them. This kind of tight integration can help bring the world of the Bible alive to modern readers.

Nevertheless, without faulting the creators of this site, i can’t help but wish for more:

:. This is a classic example of a stovepipe application: while it’s got a lot of useful data (linking verses to place names, place names to lat-longs, and place names to ISBE articles), all of that data is embedded in the application (the website) itself. That’s fine if all you want is to use it, but not if you want to re-use it. If instead there were a web service behind this, there could be multiple versions of this same basic capability, without having to re-engineer the basic data. I’ve ridden the hobby horse of data before applications before, and this is a basic tenet of Web 2.0 thinking. The most recent version of New Testament Names has some Google Earth data (which i used for this map in my SBL presentation) for just this reason, though (like it’s not complete.

:. I can easily guess why they chose the ISBE: it’s the most comprehensive Bible reference work in the public domain. But it’s not the most up-to-date (if it were, it probably wouldn’t be in the public domain!), and the depth of information sometimes goes well beyond what casual readers want. Which raises the fundamental question: what’s the right level of information for a reference like this? Most readers won’t care about proximity to modern archaeological sites, and would instead rather have basic information like best guesses as to how large a town was, prominent physical features, etc. Much of this information doesn’t exist in ISBE (or other resources, for that matter).

:. Once you start down the road of information integration (using hyperlinks or other mechanisms), you hate to stop. Wouldn’t it be great if the ISBE text itself was also hyperlinked with place names? The first part of the ISBE article on Nazareth reads

“A town in Galilee, the home of Joseph. and the Virgin Mary, and for about 30 years the scene of the Saviour’s life (Matthew 2:23; Mark 1:9; Luke 2:39,51; 4:16, etc.). He was therefore called Jesus of Nazareth, although His birthplace was Bethlehem; …”

Unsurprisingly, definitions for place names typically use other place names to put things in context. Without the hyperlinks here, the text becomes a bit of a dead-end.

:. Their display for John 1:28 shows a classic example of why simple string matching gets you most, but not quite all, of the way: Bethany isn’t the same as “Bethany beyond the Jordan”. Happily, there are few enough of these cases in the Bible texts that they can generally be fixed by hand: but having fixed them, that disambiguation becomes another critical piece of data that shouldn’t be stovepiped.

:. Viewing a little of the geographic context mostly leaves me wanting more. Back to my example of Nazareth: i’d like to see additional overlays of other towns (and of course, that’s specific to the context of a given passage) as well as other features like travel routes and named bodies of water, since showing that town alone doesn’t tell you much. There’s also the subtle issue of what’s the right zoom level: for Matt.4.13, you’d want the map to show both Nazareth and Capernaum, rather than being closely focused in on Nazareth alone.

It’s always easier to critique than to create, i know. My point is simply this: while these early integrations of open tools like Google Maps with Bible study applications are exciting, much more is still possible.

Interactive Satellite Map of the Holy Land

Eu já havia mencionado este programa aqui, mas agora resolvi colocar um link comentado na Ayrton’s Biblical Page, na seção de Geografia do Antigo Oriente Médio, por isso volto a mencioná-lo [infelizmente o link desapareceu – 25.06.2010].

O Interactive Satellite Map of the Holy Land é um programa gratuito para ser instalado no computador do usuário e que oferece um mapa de Israel em alta-resolução, feito por satélite, com indicação das mais importantes localidades bíblicas. Quando o nome de uma localidade é clicada no menu, ela aparece no mapa. Clicando sobre o seu nome aparece uma janela pop-up com a descrição, foto e citação bíblica da localidade. O download gratuito do mapa pode ser feito em formato .exe ou em formato .zip, à escolha.