Características literárias e linguísticas da Bíblia Hebraica

Atualizado em

RENDSBURG, G. A. How the Bible Is Written. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2019, 675 p. – ISBN 9781683071976

RENDSBURG, G. A. How the Bible Is Written. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2019, 675 p. - ISBN 9781683071976

O objetivo deste livro é aproximar os leitores interessados do texto original da Bíblia Hebraica / Antigo Testamento e proporcionar-lhes uma apreciação maior de sua arte literária e linguística. Em suma, este livro trata muito mais do modo como a Bíblia diz o que diz do que daquilo que diz.

The goal of How the Bible Is Written is to bring interested readers–scholars and laypeople alike–closer to the original text of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament and to provide them with a greater appreciation of its literary artistry and linguistic virtuosity. In short, this book focuses not so much on what the Bible says as how the Bible says it. A book focusing on the nexus between language and literature in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, with specific attention to how the former is used to create the latter; topics include wordplay, wordplay with proper names, alliteration, repetition with variation, dialect representation, intentionally confused language, marking closure, and more.

The first paragraph of my new book reads as follows: “Learned colleagues have written books entitled Who Wrote the Bible?, How to Read the Bible, How the Bible Became a Book, and How the Bible Became Holy. The present volume poses a different question, How the Bible Is Written. My goal in this book is to reveal the manner in which language is used to produce exquisite literature, no less for the ancient Israelite literati who crafted the compositions that eventually were canonized as the Bible than for William Shakespeare or Jane Austen or J. R. R. Tolkien or any other writer whose literature we admire and continue to enjoy. Which is to say, in the most simple of terms: there are many books on what the Bible says; this is a book on how the Bible says it”.

Uma avaliação do livro feita por Jim West pode ser lida em seu blog Zwinglius Redivivus.

Gary A. Rendsburg é Professor de História Judaica na Universidade de Rutgers, Nova Jérsei, Estados Unidos.

Catálogo dos artigos da REB, RIBLA e Estudos Bíblicos

Atualizado em

O professor Jair Carlesso, do Itepa Faculdades (Faculdade de Teologia e Ciências Humanas – Passo Fundo – RS) catalogou os artigos bíblicos das revistas REB, RIBLA e Estudos Bíblicos, da Vozes.

Estudos Bíblicos n. 1 - 1984

Esta catalogação contempla artigos de Bíblia das revistas:

EB – Estudos Bíblicos: do n. 1 (Março/Maio 1984) ao n. 137 (Janeiro/Março 2018)

REB – Revista Eclesiástica Brasileira: do v. 26, fasc.1 (1966) ao v. 77, n. 308 (2017)

RIBLA – Revista de Interpretação Bíblica Latino-Americana: n. 1 a 68; 73 a 76

Confira online em Bibliografia Bíblica Latino-Americana – 10 de outubro de 2018

Ou acesse e baixe o arquivo em pdf aqui.

Leia Mais:
Cahiers Évangile: lista cronológica

Paulo e seus escritos na blogosfera

Atualizado em

James F. McGrath, Professor de Língua e Literatura do Novo Testamento na Universidade Butler em Indianápolis, Indiana, publicou hoje em seu blog um apanhado do que andam falando sobre Paulo e seus escritos na blogosfera.

Paul around the Blogosphere – April 30, 2019 by James F. McGrath

Ele diz: Here is a collection of blog posts related to Paul and his writings that I hope you’ll enjoy!

Leia Mais:
Novo Testamento no Observatório Bíblico

Os filhos de Deus em Gênesis 6,1-4

Atualizado em

 Artigo e livro sobre um texto difícil do Antigo Testamento: Gn 6, 1-4.

Um artigo:

Those Elusive Sons of God: Genesis 6:1–4 Revisited – By Jaap Doedens – The Bible and Interpretation – April 2019

Since the beginning of the 20th century, and especially after the numerous discoveries of similar expressions in extrabiblical texts, mainstream exegesis returned to a ‘superhuman’ interpretation of the ‘sons of God’ in Gen 6:1–4. Yet now they were not viewed as (fallen) angels, but as ‘divine beings’, or deities (…) This newer exegetical solution is most probably the correct one.

Is it possible to discover an historical kernel of this narrative about marriages of divine beings and human women resulting in the birth of giant heroes? The origin of this narrative could perhaps be connected with the presence of megalithic tombs, mainly in the Transjordan region, the so called dolmens, dating from the end of the third and the beginning of the second millennium BCE. It is reasonable  that, because of their mere size, these monumental structures gave rise to tales about giant fallen warriors. Somehow, one of these tales made its way into the biblical narrative, and became part of a theological framework elucidating humanity’s fate with all its trial and error.

Um livro:

DOEDENS, J.  The Sons of God in Genesis 6:1–4: Analysis and History of Exegesis. Leiden: Brill, 2019, 372 p. – ISBN 9789004284265.

DOEDENS, J.  The Sons of God in Genesis 6:1–4: Analysis and History of Exegesis. Leiden: Brill, 2019, 372 p. - ISBN 9789004284265

In The Sons of God in Genesis 6:1–4, Jaap Doedens offers an overview of the history of exegesis of the enigmatic text about the ‘sons of God’, the ‘daughters of men’, and the ‘giants’. First, he analyzes the text of Gen 6:1–4. Subsequently, he tracks the different exegetical proposals from the earliest exegesis until those of modern times. He further provides the reader with an evaluation of the meaning of the expression ‘sons of God’ in the Old Testament and the Ancient Near East. In the last chapter, he concentrates on the message and function of Gen 6:1–4. This volume comprehensively gathers ancient and modern exegetical attempts, providing the means for an ongoing dialogue about this essentially complex and elusive passage.

Sumário

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations

1 Setting the Course: Introduction
 1 From Boulder to Keystone to Stumbling Block
 2 The Mainstream Solutions
 3 Approach

2 A Quest for Meaning: Analyzing Genesis 6:1–4
 1 Introduction
 2 Lexical and Grammatical Analysis of Genesis 6:1
 3 Lexical and Grammatical Analysis of Genesis 6:2
 4 Lexical and Grammatical Analysis of Genesis 6:3
 5 Lexical and Grammatical Analysis of Genesis 6:4
 6 Content and Context: General Observations Relating to Genesis 6:1–4
 7 Dramatis Personae: Provisional Conclusions Related to Genesis 6:1–4

3 Trodden Paths: History of Exegesis of the Expression ‘Sons of God’
 1 Introduction
 2 The Ancient Versions
 3 Philo of Alexandria
 4 Flavius Josephus
 5 Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha
 6 Dead Sea Scrolls
 7 Rabbinic Tradition
 8 New Testament
 9 The Church Fathers
 10 Late Middle Ages and Reformation
 11 Newer Exegesis
 12 Conclusions to the History of Exegesis

4 At the Crossroads: Weighing Exegetical Solutions
 1 Introduction
 2 The Heavenly Category: ‘Sons of God’ Interpreted as Angels
 3 The Social Category: ‘Sons of God’ Interpreted as Mighty-Ones
 4 The Religious Category: ‘Sons of God’ Interpreted as Sethites
 5 The Mythological Category: ‘Sons of God’ Interpreted as Divine Beings
 6 Minor Variants and Combinations
 7 Conclusions

5 Perspectives: The Functions of Genesis 6:1–4
 1 Introduction
 2 ‘Sons of God’ and Biblical Monotheism
 3 Genesis 6:1–4 and Myth in the Old Testament
 4 Truth Claim and Functions of Genesis 6:1–4
 5 Final Observations
Bibliography
Index of Ancient Sources

Jaap Doedens, Ph.D. Kampen Theological University (2013), Pápa Reformed Theological Seminary, Pápa, Hungary, is college associate professor at the latter seminary. He has published articles on the Old Testament, the intertestamental period, and the New Testament in English, Dutch, and Hungarian

Leia mais sobre Gn 6,1-4 em Remnant of Giants.

Uma abordagem crítica da história da Palestina

Atualizado em

HJELM, I. ; TAHA, H. ; PAPPE, I. ; THOMPSON, T. L. (eds.) A New Critical Approach to the History of Palestine: Palestine History and Heritage Project 1. Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, 400 p. – ISBN 9780367146375.  

HJELM, I. ; TAHA, H. ; PAPPE, I. ; THOMPSON, T. L. (eds.) A New Critical Approach to the History of Palestine: Palestine History and Heritage Project 1. Abingdon: Routledge, 2019

A New Critical Approach to the History of Palestine offers a comprehensive, evidence-based history of Palestine with a critical use of recent historical, archaeological and anthropological methods. This history is not an exclusive history, but one that is ethnically and culturally inclusive, a history of and for all peoples who have lived in Palestine. After an introductory essay offering a strategy for creating coherence and continuity from the earliest beginnings to the present, the volume presents twenty articles from 22 contributors, 16 of whom are of Middle Eastern origin or relation.

Split thematically into four parts, the volume discusses ideology, national identity and chronology in various historiographies of Palestine and the legacy of memory and oral history; the transient character of ethnicity in Palestine, and questions regarding the ethical responsibilities of archaeologists and historians to protect the multi-ethnic cultural heritage of Palestine; landscape and memory, and the values of community archaeology and bio-archaeology; and an exploration of the “ideology of the land” and its influence on Palestine’s history and heritage.

The first in a series of books under the auspices of the Palestine History and Heritage Project (PaHH), the volume offers a challenging new departure for writing the history of Palestine and Israel throughout the ages. A New Critical Approach to the History of Palestine explores the diverse history of the region against the backdrop of twentieth century scholarly construction of the history of Palestine as a history of a Jewish homeland, with roots in an ancient, biblical Israel, and examines the implications of this ancient and recent history for archaeology and cultural heritage. The book offers a fascinating new perspective for students and academics in the fields of anthropological, political, cultural and biblical history.

Publicação prevista para junho de 2019.

Gramática e léxico do grego do Novo Testamento

Atualizado em

SWETNAM, J. ; DEJESÚS SOTO, R. Introduction to the Study of the New Testament Greek – Greek English Lexicon of New Testament. Rome: Gregorian & Biblical Press, 2019, 224 p.  – ISBN 9788876537097.

SWETNAM, J. ; DEJESÚS SOTO, R. Introduction to the Study of the New Testament Greek - Greek English Lexicon of New Testament. Rome: Gregorian & Biblical Press, 2019, 224 p.

James Swetnam’s Introduction to the Study of New Testament Greek has become a classic.  Generations of students at both the Pontifical Biblical Institute and the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, in addition to other institutions across the globe, have profited from  Swetnam’s text. Randy Soto’s companion lexicon will make Swetnam’s Introduction now even more accessible.  Consequently, the student of New Testament Greek owes a debt of thanks to both Swetnam and Soto. 

A gramática de grego do Swetnam, em uma versão ainda sem o léxico, foi traduzida para o português em 2002. A gramática foi lançada aqui pela Paulus, em tradução feita por Henrique Murachco, Juvino A. Maria Jr. e Paulo Bazaglia da segunda edição inglesa revista e corrigida, publicada pela editora do Pontifício Instituto Bíblico de Roma, em 1998, e que tem como título An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament Greek. A edição original é de 1992, baseada, por sua vez, em notas mimeografadas de 1981. A gramática, além do português, foi traduzida também para o italiano, espanhol, coreano e ucraniano.

Leia aqui uma apresentação.

Jesus e os fariseus

Atualizado em

Jesus e os fariseus - Uma reavaliação interdisciplinar  - Conferência Internacional - 7 a 9 de maio de 2019

Jesus e os fariseus – Uma reavaliação interdisciplinar

Conferência Internacional – 7 a 9 de maio de 2019

Por ocasião do 110º Aniversário da Fundação do Instituto Bíblico, 7 de maio de 1909

A conferência internacional Jesus and the Pharisees: Uma reavaliação interdisciplinar reúne estudiosos judeus, protestantes, católicos e outros da Argentina, Áustria, Canadá, Colômbia, Alemanha, Índia, Israel, Itália, Holanda e Estados Unidos.

A conferência primeiro trata das possíveis origens e dos significados do nome “fariseu” em diferentes idiomas. Em seguida, examina as várias fontes antigas sobre os fariseus (Josefo, Qumran, dados arqueológicos, o Novo Testamento e a literatura rabínica).

Após uma mesa-redonda sobre os resultados relativos aos fariseus “históricos”, a segunda parte da conferência será dedicada à Wirkungsgeschichte (história da interpretação e seus efeitos), da literatura patrística às interpretações judaicas medievais, passando pelas representações teatrais da Paixão, filmes, livros de religião e homilética. No final, trataremos das possíveis maneiras de representar os fariseus de forma menos inadequada no futuro.

Conferencistas:

  • Harold ATTRIDGE Yale University, USA
  • Philip CUNNINGHAM St. Joseph’s University, USA
  • Yair FURSTENBERG Hebrew University, Jerusalém, Israel
  • Juan Manuel GRANADOS Pontifical Biblical Institute, Roma, Itália
  • Massimo GRILLI Pontifical Gregorian University, Roma, Itália
  • Angela LA DELFA University of Maryland University College, USA
  • Amy-Jill LEVINE Vanderbilt University, USA
  • Hermut LÖHR Universität Bonn, Alemanha
  • Steve MASON Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Holanda
  • Eric MEYERS Duke University, USA
  • Craig MORRISON Pontifical Biblical Institute, Roma, Itália
  • Vered NOAM Tel Aviv University, Israel
  • Henry PATTARUMADATHIL Pontifical Biblical Institute, Roma, Itália
  • Adele REINHARTZ University of Ottawa, Canadá
  • Rabbi David ROSEN AJC (American Jewish Committee), Jerusalém
  • Jens SCHRÖTER Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Alemanha
  • Matthias SKEB, Pontifical Gregorian University, Roma, Itália
  • Rabbi Abraham SKORKA St. Joseph’s University, USA
  • Günter STEMBERGER Universität Wien, Áustria
  • Christian STÜCKL Artistic Director of Münchner Volkstheater & Oberammergau Passion Play, Alemanha
  • Adela YARBRO COLLINS Yale University, USA

A conferência, em inglês, será transmitida ao vivo pela Internet e, posteriormente, disponibilizada no YouTube.

Na manhã de quinta-feira, 9 de maio, uma audiência especial com o Papa Francisco foi organizada para os participantes devidamente registrados para toda a conferência.

Faça o download da programação em pdf.

Jesus and the Pharisees – An Interdisciplinary Reappraisal

International Conference – May 7-9, 2019

On the Occasion of the 110th Anniversary of the Biblical Institute’s Founding, May 7, 1909

The international conference Jesus and the Pharisees: An Interdisciplinary Reappraisal brings together Jewish, Protestant, Catholic, and other scholars from Argentina, Austria, Canada, Colombia, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, and the United States.

The conference first deals with the possible origins and meanings of the name “Pharisee” in different languages. It then examines the various ancient sources about the Pharisees (Josephus, Qumran, archaeological data, the New Testament, and Rabbinic Literature).

After a round table discussion of the results concerning the “historical” Pharisees, the second part of the conference will be devoted to the Wirkungsgeschichte (history of interpretation and its effects), from Patristic Literature, to Medieval Jewish interpretations, to Passion Plays, the Movies, Religion Text Books, and Homiletics. In the end, we will look at possible ways to represent the Pharisees less inadequately in the future.

Speakers:

  • Harold ATTRIDGE Yale University
  • Philip CUNNINGHAM St. Joseph’s University
  • Yair FURSTENBERG Hebrew University, Jerusalem
  • Juan Manuel GRANADOS Pontifical Biblical Institute
  • Massimo GRILLI Pontifical Gregorian University
  • Angela LA DELFA University of Maryland University College
  • Amy-Jill LEVINE Vanderbilt University
  • Hermut LÖHR Universität Bonn
  • Steve MASON Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
  • Eric MEYERS Duke University
  • Craig MORRISON Pontifical Biblical Institute
  • Vered NOAM Tel Aviv University
  • Henry PATTARUMADATHIL Pontifical Biblical Institute
  • Adele REINHARTZ University of Ottawa
  • Rabbi David ROSEN AJC (American Jewish Committee)
  • Jens SCHRÖTER Humboldt-Universität Berlin
  • Matthias SKEB, Pontifical Gregorian University
  • Rabbi Abraham SKORKA St. Joseph’s University
  • Günter STEMBERGER Universität Wien
  • Christian STÜCKL Artistic Director of Münchner Volkstheater & Oberammergau Passion Play
  • Adela YARBRO COLLINS Yale University

The entire conference will be held in English, except for the concluding session on Thursday, May 9 at 6:00 pm, where simultaneous translation into Italian and English will be available.

The conference will be web streamed live and subsequently uploaded on YouTube.

In the morning of Thursday, May 9, a special audience with Pope Francis has been arranged for participants duly registered for the entire conference.

Download PDF – Event Schedule

Il convegno internazionale “Gesù e i Farisei. Un riesame interdisciplinare” che si terrà dal 7 al 9 maggio presso il Pontificio Istituto Biblico (PIB) in occasione dei 110 anni di fondazione, “unisce ebrei, protestanti, cattolici e studiosi proventi da Argentina, Austria, Canada, Colombia, Germania, India, Israele, Italia, Paesi Bassi e Stati Uniti”. Così Joseph Sievers, docente dell’Istituto, presentando questa mattina l’evento che, spiega, affronterà prima di tutto le possibili origini e significati del nome “fariseo” in diverse lingue. Dopo una tavola rotonda sui risultati riguardo i farisei “storici”, la seconda parte della conferenza sarà dedicata alla storia dell’interpretazione dei farisei e i suoi effetti a partire dalla letteratura patristica fino alle rappresentazioni teatrali della Passione (Passion plays), ai film, ai libri di testo religiosi, e all’omiletica. “Infine – conclude Sievers -, cercheremo nuovi modi di rappresentare, in futuro, i farisei in maniera meno inadeguata” (Agenzia S.I.R. – 3 aprile 2019)

Quem é Davi? Artigo de Thomas L. Thompson

Atualizado em

Who Is David?

By Thomas L. Thompson, Professor Emeritus University of Copenhagen

The Bible and Interpretation – April 4, 2019

Although King David is one of the richest and most varied literary figures of the Bible, we have no direct historical evidence that he ever existed. Neither archaeology nor any contemporary written inscriptions proves the existence of such a king, ruling in Hebron or Jerusalem during the 10th century BCE. Archaeological evidence for ancient settlements of the Judean highlands hardly support the existence of even a small kingdom in this region, let alone a multi-regional state and monarchy. Archaeology has not yet found any settlement in Jerusalem, significant enough to be the capital of a small patronage kingdom, let alone an empire. Nor has archaeology found any widespread agricultural settlement in the southern highlands, which could have supported a functioning kingdom during the period that the Bible gives to David. There is also no known historical kingdom of Judah before the late-9th century, BCE. The David we know from the Bible as a literary figure, on the other hand, embraces, as we will see, a considerable range of themes, and is, perhaps, the richest figure in biblical literature.

All the historical evidence we have that might be linked to the biblical figure of David comes from three fragments of a late 9th century, Aramaic inscription, found during the excavations of Tall al-Qadi in the Jordan rift, which both mentions a king of Israel and, the name bytdwd (continua).

Sobre a origem dos antigos Estados Israelitas, confira aqui e aqui.

Quem é Thomas L. Thompson? Confira aqui, aqui e aqui.