Tumba de Talpiot: a controvérsia continua

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A Tumba de Talpiot, debatida recentemente por dezenas de especialistas em uma conferência em Jerusalém, continua gerando controvérsias.

Por exemplo:

:: Os comentários (comments) sobre a declaração (statement) dos pesquisadores, publicada por Mark Goodacre no dia 21

 

:: O post de The View of Jerusalem, publicado ontem, dia 23, Rushing to Press on Ruth Gat

On the last night of the Talpiot Tomb Symposium, the statement by Joseph Gath’s widow Ruth had the archaeological community mystified. She provided the assembled scholars and media with the dramatic story of a conversation with her husband where he expressed his fears that he had excavated the actual tomb of Jesus of Nazareth.

Earlier in the conference, the participants were shown recently revealed receipts for the ossuaries from Mr. Gat, who recorded that only 4 inscriptions in the tomb had been deciphered. With word out among the participants and the media that he had died in the early 1980’s, how could he have been able to arrive at that conclusion before Joseph Naveh had the opportunity to decipher the very difficult “Yeshua? bar Yehosef” inscription?

It was thought that perhaps we heard the widow wrong or perhaps her memory was not as clear as it should be.

On Friday, The Jerusalem Post corrected its first, early ’80’s dating of Gat’s death to the early 90’s:

“He said Gat, who died in the early 1990s (and not soon after the 1980 dig, as erroneously reported in Thursday’s Post)…”

In fact, Amos Kloner clarified to me yesterday, Joseph Gat died on June 14, 1993, only a year before Rahmani’s catalogue was published.

Well then, that changes things. Joseph Gat actually died several years after the “Yeshua? bar Yehosef” inscription had been deciphered by Naveh. This means that he could have heard of the decipherment of the names within the Department and arrived at his own conclusions, voicing his apprehensions to his wife, without revealing them to others.

Apologies may indeed be due to Mrs. Gat, with all due respect! (Even bloggers can rush to press. I have changed this part of my posting “One more nail in the Ossuary” accordingly).

Does this tip the balances toward confirming the Lost Tomb hypothesis of the filmmakers? Not at all.

The observation that Joseph Gat had believed that the tomb was that of Jesus of Nazareth only goes to illustrate that speculation concerning the tomb was already alive and well during the early 90’s, well before Ray Bruce proposed this in the BBC special of ’96. This new piece of history is but a distraction from the current issue since, with the exception perhaps of Joseph Naveh’s tentative decipherment of the “Yeshua? bar Yehosef” inscription, other essential scientific data, available to us today, were unavailable at that time.

Our job as human beings is to treat Ruth Gat’s memories with respect. As scholars our work is to continue to scrutinize the data that is available and to evaluate it carefully, being mindful of our limitations.

 

:: A declaração de Joe Zias: Deliberate Misrepresentation? – January 23, 2008

The day before the symposium opened I was sent by one of Tabor’s supporters in the US a memo composed by Tabor in which he stated “This is a dream come through (sic) for me and something Simcha and I have worked for, behind the scenes, with Prof. James Charlesworth.” I immediately forwarded it to Professor Charlesworth, believing that this was proof of what I had suspected all along, i.e., outside intervention by Simcha and Tabor in order to distort the agenda and skew the proceedings in a way that was favorable to their pre-conceived plan. Charlesworth, previously unaware of this communication, forwarded it to Tabor. However by this time, many things, we later learned, had already been set in motion. For example, on the first day there was a panel discussion of the Talpiot tomb in which one panelist with no experience whatsoever with the topic or any peer reviewed published research articles appeared as an expert. He, unknown to all of us in the world of archaeology both here and abroad, was the lone supporter of Simcha and Tabor. According to his short resume which was handed out to participants, it would appear that he, like Simcha, is from the world of journalism as his handout mentions “over 1,000 articles in newspapers and magazines” that have nothing to do with Second Temple archaeology. By this time, my worst expectations were coming true as several sound and cameramen with whom I had known previously suddenly appeared on the scene, now working for Simcha Jacobovici.

The Lifetime Achievement Award presented to Mrs. Josef Gat on behalf of her late husband had to be one of the lowest depths to which archaeology has descended in over 30 years. I had known Josef Gat and worked with him in the Dept. of Antiquities until his retirement in 1988. He was a quiet, honest, hard-working man upon whom one could depend. Most of the time, his work was centered in Jerusalem and his job was that of inspector/field archaeologist, which meant following the bulldozers and an occasional salvage excavation. Because Jerusalem was in the midst of an unprecedented building boom and we were always short handed, he on occasion was asked to clear a tomb that had been accidentally discovered by building contractors. Such was the case with the Talpiot tomb. As Josef, despite his many years with the Dept. of Antiquities had solely authored but one very short article and a few popular articles in the press it was a mystery to all of us, why he was receiving posthumously such an award. The acceptance speech by his elderly wife that he had known about the importance of the find and it’s implications but kept quiet, is hard to understand even though the ossuary inscriptions had been deciphered by expert’s years earlier. Josef failed to publish any scientific peer reviewed articles following his retirement in 1988, not only on the Talpiot tomb but other projects in which he was involved. Josef passed away in the summer of 1993 one year before LY Rahmani’s monumental corpus of the ossuaries in 1994 in which the Talpiot ossuaries were first exposed to the public. The cynical use of the Holocaust story as to why Josef kept quiet, over something he was unable to decipher, should be clear to all, the lengths to which the film makers will go in order to be, in the words of Simcha ,”vindicated”, a phrase which was immediately ‘leaked’ to the press. The first media release was, without delay, sent off by an organization J9, which is the same organization, which sent out PR releases on two of his earlier documentaries. The second (“I’m vindicated”) article was written by a long -time personal friend of Simcha’s and it included some rather interesting quotes from an anonymous source quoting the late Amir Drori, supporting his ‘vindication’. So we now have ‘proof’, from two deceased archaeologists and an anonymous source, in the style of the filmmaker Oliver Stone that the whole thing was a conspiracy designed to cover up something, which ‘would harm Vatican relations and promote anti-Semitism.’ Josef Gat, a man of known integrity would have not agreed nor accepted such a cynical award. Now that the damage has been done the sponsors behind the Talpiot tomb publicity stunt are claiming on their blogs that they were misunderstood, ill advised etc. and that the jury is still out on their claim, whereas the truth is just the opposite, the overwhelming majority, if not nearly all scholars present, except one, regarded this as but a shameful and distasteful attempt to achieve fame and fortune at the expense of colleagues, the Holocaust and the profession.

Lastly, James Cameron, The Discovery Channel, Simcha Jacobovici, James Tabor and certain sectors of the media have an enormous financial interest at stake here, not including their tarnished reputations. Moreover, the public should be aware that the first mention of this find in the media surfaced in 1996, (a few years before Dan Brown), in a front page article in the British press, with minimal hype, sans the book, marketing agents, PR firms and mega advances from publishers; it was a dead story within 48 hours until it was ‘resurrected’ by the above. It’s time we rebury the idea, as in the academic world, it was from the beginning but a ‘rehash for cash’ which utterly destroyed the credibility of a colleague or two, who once held promising academic careers.

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7 comentários em “Tumba de Talpiot: a controvérsia continua”

  1. Grato pelos links. Procurei por aqui mas não encontrei sua posição pessoal sobre o assunto. O que você tem a dizer sobre isso tudo?

  2. Não assisti ao documentário e só estou contemplando o assunto pelas bordas, mas é patente o uso seletivo de tradições e textos pela equipe responsável pelo projeto.

    Impressionou-me em especial o item “Proviso” no sáite oficial, em que os produtores do filme alegam que a descoberta da tumba não ameaça os fundamentos do cristianismo porque “a ressurreição pode ter acontecido a partir desta tumba [e não da outra, tradicional, onde quer que esteja]”. Segundo a mesma nota, a descoberta da ossada de Jesus não anularia “a possibilidade de uma ascensão espiritual”.

    Como opinou Wilhelm Lütgert, “os americanos são ingênuos o bastante para encomendar uma teologia e uma filosofia que se moldem aos seus propósitos, do mesmo modo que se encomenda um automóvel numa fábrica”.

    Jesus deve estar se revirando no túmulo.

  3. Na verdade, o “statement” dos pesquisadores é basicamente correto.

    Para que a tese do filme funcionar, pelo menos uma das condições abaixo deve ser atendida:

    a) Mariamenou’Mara (Mariamene, chamada Mara), teria que ser, inequivocamente, Maria Madalena, ou outra pessoa associada a Jesus. Mariamene seria um nome muito raro.

    e/ou

    b) Yoseh teria que ser um nome extremamente raro.

    O problema é que a associação de Mariamene com Maria Magdalena é tenuê, tem que usar Atos de Filipe do sec. IV. E pelo que tenho visto, boa parte dos estudiosos consideram que o nome não é Mariamene, mas o muito mais comum Mariam ou Mariame.

    E quanto a Yoseh, parece ser uma forma abreviada de Yehosef. O irmão de Jesus é chamado Jose (Yoseh) em Marcos e Yehosef em Mateus. E vc tem um monte de rabis no Talmud que se chamam Yoseh: Yoseh, o Galileu; Yoseh ben Chelafta, Yoseh ben Yoser. Então de raro esse nome não deve ter nada.

    Assim, sem nomes raros, a tese vai pro brejo. O Kilty e Elliot calcularam que se o nome Yoseh for aplicavel a qualquer José, a chance de Talpiot cai para menos de 6 % (contra 49 % se Yoseh for considerado um nome raro). Se usar os resultados do Cost e Ingermanson, é menos ainda, uns 2 %, talvez.

    Nehemias

  4. Por que permanece essa discussão em torno dessa tal tumba de talpiot já que pelo que podemos perceber essa tumba de jesus não passa de uma grande farsa?

  5. O que ocorre, e o que sempre ocorreu ao longo desses 2000 anos, é o medo da perda da identidade santificada de Jesus e o descrédito da abalada igreja católica, o que, aliás é bastante plausível desta intituição ter forjado mais uma mentira que agora está se revelando através das mãos da ciência.

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