Persépolis virtual


Persepolis Reconstruction

The goal of this endeavour is to bring Persepolis back to life – not only to show the complexities of its urban design but also to illuminate the wealth of details to a wide spectrum of both professionals and interested laymen alike. The presented virtual reconstruction is based on the documentation obtained from the excavations led by E. Herzfeld, F. Krefter and E. F. Schmidt. Especially helpful to our project was the tremendous efforts of the architect, Friedrich Krefter, who in 1933 oversaw the excavations of this bygone empire and from 1963 to 1970 established a set of standards for Persepolis and therewith, a wealth of reconstruction drawings and two scale models of the great terraces the Achaemenid residential palace including its volumes, the great entrance vestibules and interiors are all standing once again before our eyes.

Our work has integrated with exactitude all existing and substantiated knowledge of Persepolis. Where personal interpretation was required, we have carefully weighed the suggestions of the archaeologists involved in the aforementioned excavations and have opted for what we believe to be the best solution from the various possibilities.

It is already possible through this virtual reconstruction to step back into the Persian Empire of the sixth century B.C. In the very near future a more advanced phase of this project will be realized. In that phase one will be able to once again visit the great terrace, the monumental buildings, the palatial residences, the public squares and the private gardens from every angle and perspective.

To digitally reconstruct these complex structures in their entirety including the vast richness of detail is an undertaking that will require a great deal of time to accomplish. The specific buildings can only gradually be created and the great terrace will be built step by step. What we at this point in time are presenting to you represents only the preliminary fruits of our labour and will be both qualitatively and quantitatively further developed – the results of which can be monitored through our updates on this website.

PDQ: The Past Discussed Quarterly

Você está acompanhando esta iniciativa? Da criação de uma nova revista trimestral online, the Past Discussed Quarterly, com os melhores posts dos blogs sobre a Antiguidade?

About PDQ

PDQ is a journal designed to provide a bridge between blogging and academia. It will provide stable citeable references for selected weblog posts focussed upon or of interest to the pre-Renaissance past. It is compiled from articles submitted by bloggers on a quarterly basis. The journal is available in three formats. There is a PDF downloadable copy for free. There is a paper copy which can be ordered via Lulu, which is set to the cost of printing and delivery only. Finally we intend that the journal will also be placed in a repository for long-term curation. Until the details are finalised it will be available in XHTML format from a server based at NYU’s Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. PDQ is released under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND licence, making it freely copyable. We are looking for submissions on any medieval / ancient / prehistoric topics from bloggers which fall into the categories below. Additionally each edition has a theme which we welcome submissions from historians and archaeologists of any period to contribute to. See the Calls for Papers for forthcoming topics. Submission deadlines are the ends of February, May, August, November.

Why PDQ?

If weblogs are producing material that’s getting cited in peer-reviewed literature then why is PDQ necessary? Weblogs are transitory and may disappear at short notice. The same can be said of print publications, it can be difficult to secure a copy of a publication if its gone out of print – especially if the print run was only a couple of hundred copies. Weblogs can also be edited which means that two people citing the same URL might not be citing the same text. PDQ aims to provide a canonical version of the article in a citation-friendly format. It also aims to preserve included entries for a long period of time.

A Blog Carnival / Journal Proposal: The Past Discussed Quarterly – Ancient World Bloggers Group: February 8, 2008
PD(Q) from Comments to a Post: What are we blogging for? – Ancient World Bloggers Group: February 12, 2008
Blogging and the PDQ – Ancient World Bloggers Group: February 13, 2008
Is PDQ a good idea? An academic perspective – Ancient World Bloggers Group: February 17, 2008

A arqueologia de Nazaré

Leia sobre as recentes escavações feitas em Nazaré: “What good thing can come out of Nazareth?” em The View from Jerusalem: February 16, 2008.

Last century’s excavations of Nazareth by the Franciscans led to a rather remarkable reconstructed picture of the domiciles and government of this New Testament town. After having uncovered a little more than an acre of rocky surface with little or no evidence for walls, Bagatti and his team probed the numerous holes in the surface to find scores of intact storage caves, cisterns, silos and installations. With nothing more to build upon, the domiciles of this Galilean village appeared to be caves in a rocky hill, which could have housed only a few hundred inhabitants.

Recent excavations and surveys within the immediate surroundings of ancient Nazareth, have uncovered realia left behind by the inhabitants of the original town. These Escavações em Nazaréremnants can help us to better understand and define its physical structure and social character.

In an area just 500 meters away from the remains of the ancient town and present Basilica, the staff of the University of the Holy Land surveyed and excavated a farm and stone quarries associated with the town’s construction and the livelihood of its inhabitants.

The quarries, dating to the late Hellenistic and early Roman periods, bear witness to the stone-built buildings which were constructed in the nearby town. The dimensions of the stones match those found in other Galilean towns and cities. The stony slopes were quarried, yielding squared stones to build homes in the town and leveled depressions on the ground to hold the terraces.

Remains from the first centuries BC and AD were found including pottery, watch towers, agricultural terraces and a wine press. Advanced methods of viticulture and agriculture was practiced at the farm as has been revealed by excavations of the early terrace systems. An ancient terraced road was also found cutting though the farm connecting ancient Nazareth with nearby Sepphoris and Jaffia. Coins from this period were also unearthed in other excavations in the vicinity of the town’s spring. Little doubt can now persist that the Nazareth of the Second Temple Period, Jesus and his fellow townspeople, was a bustling Galilean town.

If so, why has the evidence for first century Nazareth been brought into question? First of all, first century pottery and lamps were in fact found by Bagatti during the excavation of the infrastructure of the town, its cisterns, silos and storage caves (with lids still fitted to the openings on the horizontal rock surfaces). In fact, a sizable wall belonging to a public building, dated by him to the first century, was discovered under the Byzantine Church. All of this was published in the original report.

The problem comes when one paints the picture, as has been done, of a town of two hundred and fifty inhabitants who lived in the caves of a rocky hill (bringing into question the feasablity of the synagogue of the Gospel story). Why is the evidences for walled houses and buildings virtually lacking from the earlier excavations if recent excavations have revealed first century quarries which provided cut stones for building the town? The answer lies in the construction of the Byzantine Church. The ruins of Roman period Nazareth were the most available source of stone for building the Byzantine Church. After the stones were robbed out from the ruins, all that was left behind was one of the best preserved set of basement systems found in the Galilee (…).

The official final publication of these excavations has just appeared recently in the Bulletin of the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society vol. 25 (2007) pp. 19-79: S. Pfann, R. Voss, Y. Rapuano, “Surveys and Excavations at the Nazareth Village Farm (1997–2002): Final Report”. The summary of the ceramic finds from this rather lengthy article has been provided by Antonio Lombatti here.

For more about the Nazareth Village Project follow the links in the UHL web site beginning here.