KEDDIE, A. Class and Power in Roman Palestine: The Socioeconomic Setting of Judaism and Christian Origins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019, 374 p. – ISBN 9781108493949.
Em Classe e poder na Palestina romana, Anthony Keddie investiga a mudança nas relações socioeconômicas na Palestina do começo da época romana, entre 63 a.C. e 70 d.C. É uma síntese atualizada de evidências arqueológicas e literárias das mudanças socioeconômicas ocorridas neste contexto e serve como um recurso valioso para estudiosos do judaísmo antigo e das origens cristãs.
Anthony Keddie investigates the changing dynamics of class and power at a critical place and time in the history of Judaism and Christianity – Palestine during its earliest phases of incorporation into the Roman Empire (63 BCE–70 CE). He identifies institutions pertaining to civic administration, taxation, agricultural tenancy, and the Jerusalem Temple as sources of an unequal distribution of economic, political, and ideological power. Through careful analysis of a wide range of literary, documentary, epigraphic, and archaeological evidence, including the most recent discoveries, Keddie complicates conventional understandings of class relations as either antagonistic or harmonious. He demonstrates how elites facilitated institutional changes that repositioned non-elites within new, and sometimes more precarious, relations with privileged classes, but did not typically worsen their economic conditions. These socioeconomic shifts did, however, instigate changing class dispositions. Judaean elites and non-elites increasingly distinguished themselves from the other, through material culture such as tableware, clothing, and tombs.