A manipulação das consciências via Internet

Guerra de robôs na internet

Todos os meses, mais evidência acumula-se, sugerindo que comentários, tópicos e fóruns de internet estão sendo tomados por pessoas que não são exatamente o que parecem ser. O anonimato da rede garante a companhias e governos uma oportunidade de ouro para executar operações de astroturf(*): falsas campanhas populares que criam a impressão de que um grande grupo de pessoas está defendendo ou se opondo a alguma política em particular. Essa artimanha está mais propensa a acontecer quando os interesses das companhias ou dos governos estão em conflitos com os do público (…) Depois da última vez que escrevi sobre astroturfing, em dezembro, uma fonte disposta a contar detalhes entrou em contato comigo. Ele fazia parte de um time encarregado de infestar fóruns e tópicos de discussão na internet em favor de clientes corporativos, promovendo suas causas e discutindo com quem se opusesse. Como o resto da equipe, ele se passava por um cidadão comum, sem interesses particulares no assunto. Ou, para ser mais exato, como algumas dezenas de cidadãos comuns, sem interesses particulares no assunto: ele usava 70 perfis, para evitar ser desmascarado e criar a impressão de amplo apoio ao seu argumento pró-corporativo…

Quem escreve é George Monbiot em seu blog no jornal britânico The Guardian. O texto foi traduzido e publicado por Carta Maior em 26/02/2011.

Leia o artigo completo.

O texto original, publicado no dia 23/02/2011 em George Monbiot’s Blog, começa assim:

The need to protect the internet from ‘astroturfing’ grows ever more urgent

Every month more evidence piles up, suggesting that online comment threads and forums are being hijacked by people who aren’t what they seem. The anonymity of the web gives companies and governments golden opportunities to run astroturf operations: fake grassroots campaigns that create the impression that large numbers of people are demanding or opposing particular policies. This deception is most likely to occur where the interests of companies or governments come into conflict with the interests of the public (…) After I wrote about online astroturfing in December, I was contacted by a whistleblower. He was part of a commercial team employed to infest internet forums and comment threads on behalf of corporate clients, promoting their causes and arguing with anyone who opposed them. Like the other members of the team, he posed as a disinterested member of the public. Or, to be more accurate, as a crowd of disinterested members of the public: he used 70 personas, both to avoid detection and to create the impression there was widespread support for his pro-corporate arguments…

(*) A expressão “astroturfing” é aqui usada em oposição a “grassroots movements”, que na língua inglesa se refere aos movimentos políticos e sociais que tem alguma base de apoio popular. Sendo “grassroots”, na tradução literal, as “raízes da grama”. E AstroTurf, a marca de uma grama sintética comercializada nos EUA.

Resenhas na RBL – 24.02.2011

As seguintes resenhas foram recentemente publicadas pela Review of Biblical Literature:

Matthew E. Carlton
Translator’s Reference Translation of the Gospel of Luke
Reviewed by Sylvie Raquel

Youn Ho Chung
The Sin of the Calf: The Rise of the Bible’s Negative Attitude toward the Golden Calf
Reviewed by Raz Kletter

Werner H. Kelber and Samuel Byrskog, eds.
Jesus in Memory: Traditions in Oral and Scribal Perspectives
Reviewed by Stephan Witetschek

Michael Lattke
The Odes of Solomon
Reviewed by Majella Franzmann

Adrian Long
Paul and Human Rights: A Dialogue with the Father of the Corinthian Community
Reviewed by Ronald R. Clark

Mark Allan Powell, ed.
Methods for Matthew
Reviewed by InHee Cho

Thomas Römer, ed.
The Books of Leviticus and Numbers
Reviewed by William A. Tooman

David Rosenberg
A Literary Bible: An Original Translation
Reviewed by John Engle

Gerd Theißen
Erleben und Verhalten der ersten Christen: Eine Psychologie des Urchristentums
Reviewed by Wayne Coppins

Ellen van Wolde
Reframing Biblical Studies: When Language and Text Meet Culture, Cognition, and Context
Reviewed by Frank Polak

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Resenhas na RBL – 18.02.2011

As seguintes resenhas foram recentemente publicadas pela Review of Biblical Literature:

John J. Collins
Beyond the Qumran Community: The Sectarian Movement of the Dead Sea Scrolls
Reviewed by Philip R. Davies

David Lyle Jeffrey and C. Stephen Evans, eds.
The Bible and the University
Reviewed by Jeffrey L. Morrow

Timothy Jay Johnson
Now My Eye Sees You: Unveiling an Apocalyptic Job
Reviewed by Scott C. Jones

Jason Kalman and Jaqueline S. du Toit
Canada’s Big Biblical Bargain: How McGill University Bought the Dead Sea Scrolls
Reviewed by Matthew A. Collins

Edward W. Klink III
The Audience of the Gospels: The Origin and Function of the Gospels in Early Christianity
Reviewed by Theodore J. Weeden Sr.

Daniel A. Machiela
The Dead Sea Genesis Apocryphon: A New Text and Translation with Introduction and Special Treatment of Columns 13-17
Reviewed by Benjamin Ziemer

Laura Salah Nasrallah
Christian Responses to Roman Art and Architecture: The Second-Century Church amid the Spaces of Empire
Reviewed by Rosemary Canavan
Reviewed by Lee M. Jefferson

Lawrence H. Schiffman
Qumran and Jerusalem: Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the History of Judaism
Reviewed by Sidnie White Crawford

Michael E. Stone, Aryeh Amihay, and Vered Hillel, eds.
Noah and His Book(s)
Reviewed by Emma England
Reviewed by Anthony Swindell

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Documentando a África do Norte e o Oriente Médio 2011

Acabei de ler no blog AMIR – Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources – um post de Charles Ellwood Jones, publicado hoje, que tem o seguinte título: Documenting North Africa & the Middle East 2011 [Documentando a África do Norte e o Oriente Médio 2011].

Confira: Archive-It – Collection: North Africa & the Middle East 2011

Descrição:
This collection documents the events in Northern Africa and the Middle East in 2011 after the Tunisian uprising. Content includes blogs, social media and news sites about Egypt, Yemen, Sudan and other African countries. These sites contain content in Arabic, English, and French.

Essa coleção documenta os eventos no Norte da África e no Oriente Médio em 2011, após a revolta da Tunísia. O conteúdo inclui blogs, redes sociais e sites de notícias sobre o Egito, Iêmen, Sudão e outros países africanos. Esses sites contêm conteúdo em árabe, inglês e francês.

Vale a pena conferir.

Emanuel Messias: bispo de Caratinga

Dom Emanuel Messias de Oliveira foi nomeado hoje bispo de Caratinga, Minas Gerais.

Dom Emanuel, sagrado bispo em 19 de abril de 1998, em Governador Valadares, era, desde então, bispo de Guanhães, MG.

Emanuel é exegeta, com Mestrado em Ciências e Línguas Bíblicas pelo Pontifício Instituto Bíblico de Roma, e pertence ao grupo dos “Biblistas Mineiros”.

Parabéns, Emanuel, irmão e amigo.

Morreu Alan Segal

No dia 13 próximo passado, faleceu prematuramente Alan F. Segal, conhecido especialista norte-americano em Judaísmo Antigo e Origens Cristãs. Vi a notícia hoje, no NT Blog de Mark Goodacre.

Em 4 Enoch, leio:

American Professor, and friend of the Enoch Seminar, Alan F. Segal (1945-2011) passed away on Feb 13. His premature death is very sad news for all those who had the privilege of knowing him, and a great loss for the entire community of specialists in Second Temple Judaism and Christian Origins. Our thoughts are with his family. May his memory be a blessing.

Resenhas na RBL – 11.02.2011

As seguintes resenhas foram recentemente publicadas pela Review of Biblical Literature:

Johanna Brankaer
Coptic: A Learning Grammar (Sahidic)
Reviewed by Hans Förster

Kevin R. Brine, Elena Ciletti, and Henrike Lähnemann, eds.
The Sword of Judith: Judith Studies across the Disciplines
Reviewed by Lawrence M. Wills

Everett Ferguson
Baptism in the Early Church: History, Theology, and Liturgy in the First Five Centuries
Reviewed by Hennie Stander

G. Walter Hansen
The Letter to the Philippians
Reviewed by Angela Standhartinger

Bengt Holmberg, ed.
Exploring Early Christian Identity
Reviewed by Cornelis Bennema

Heidi J. Hornik and Mikeal C. Parsons
Illuminating Luke: Volume 3: The Passion and Resurrection Narratives in Italian Renaissance and Baroque Painting
Reviewed by John F. A. Sawyer

Leroy A. Huizinga
The New Isaac: Tradition and Intertextuality in the Gospel of Matthew
Reviewed by Russell C. D. Arnold

Luke Timothy Johnson
The Writings of the New Testament: An Interpretation
Reviewed by Ken Olson

Matthijs J. de Jong
Isaiah among the Ancient Near Eastern Prophets: A Comparative Study of the Earliest Stages of the Isaiah Tradition and the Neo-Assyrian Prophecies
Reviewed by Hallvard Hagelia

R. Steven Notley, Marc Turnage, and Brian Becker, eds.
Jesus’ Last Week: Jerusalem Studies in the Synoptic Gospels-Volume One
Reviewed by Daniel M. Gurtner

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Resenhas na RBL – 02.02.2011

As seguintes resenhas foram recentemente publicadas pela Review of Biblical Literature:

John M. Dillon and Wolfgang Polleichtner
Iamblichus of Chalcis: The Letters
Reviewed by Ilaria L. E. Ramelli

Douglas S. Earl
Reading Joshua as Christian Scripture
Reviewed by Ernst Axel Knauf

S. Tamar Kamionkowski and Wonil Kim, eds.
Bodies, Embodiment, and Theology of the Hebrew Bible
Reviewed by Johan H. Coetzee

Daniel R. Langton
The Apostle Paul in the Jewish Imagination: A Study in Modern Jewish-Christian Relations
Reviewed by Judith M. Lieu
Reviewed by Adele Reinhartz

Philip B. Payne
Man and Woman, One in Christ: An Exegetical and Theological Study of Paul’s Letters
Reviewed by Teresa Okure

Richard I. Pervo
The Making of Paul: Constructions of the Apostle in Early Christianity
Reviewed by James W. Aageson
Reviewed by Carolyn Osiek

Colleen Shantz
Paul in Ecstasy: The Neurobiology of the Apostle’s Life and Thought
Reviewed by Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte

Sarah Shectman
Women in the Pentateuch: A Feminist and Source-Critical Analysis
Reviewed by Suzanne Boorer

Patricia Elyse Terrell
Paul’s Parallels: An Echoes Synopsis
Reviewed by James D. G. Dunn

>> Visite: Review of Biblical Literature Blog