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PRITCHARD, J. B. (ed.) Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (ANET). 3. ed. with Supplement. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969.
A scholar of religious thought and biblical archaeology, James Pritchard recruited the foremost linguists, historians, and archaeologists to select and translate the texts. The goal, in his words, was “a better understanding of the likenesses and differences which existed between Israel and the surrounding cultures”. This anthology brought invaluable documents together, in one place and in one language, thereby expanding the meaning and significance of the Bible for generations of students and readers. A competitor might be the three-volume The Context of Scripture, edited by W. W. Hallo and K. Lawson Younger, Jr.
James Bennett Pritchard (1909-1997) was an American archeologist. He had a long association with the University of Pennsylvania, where he was professor of Religious Studies.