Messianismo entre judeus e cristãos

These studies form a substantial and impressive body… (Susan Pierce)

HORBURY, W. Messianism Among Jews and Christians. 2. ed. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2016, 480 p. – ISBN 9780567662743 [também para Kindle].

William Horbury, Messianism Among Jews and Christians

William Horbury considers the issue of messianism as it arises in Jewish and Christian tradition. Whilst Horbury’s primary focus is the Herodian period and the New Testament, he presents a broader historical trajectory, looking back to the Apocrypha and pseudepigrapha, and onward to Judaism and Christianity in the Roman empire. Within this framework Horbury treats such central themes as messianism in the Apocrypha and pseudepigrapha, the Son of man and Pauline hopes for a new Jerusalem, and Jewish and Christian messianism in the second century.

Neglected topics are also given due consideration, including suffering and messianism in synagogue poetry, and the relation of Christian and Jewish messianism with conceptions of the church and of antichrist and with the cult of Christ and of the saints. Throughout, Horbury sets messianism in a broader religious and political context and explores its setting in religion and in the conflict of political theories. This new edition features a new extended introduction which updates and resituates the volume within the context of current scholarship.

William Horbury is Professor of Jewish and Early Christian Studies, University of Cambridge, UK.

Table of contents

Reflective Introduction
Introduction to first edition

The Second-Temple Period
1. Messianism in the Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha
2. The Gifts of God in Ezekiel the Tragedian
3. Herod’s Temple and ‘Herod’s Days’

The New Testament
4. The Messianic Associations of ‘The Son of Man’
5. The Twelve and the Phylarchs
6. Jerusalem in Pre-Pauline and Pauline Hope
7. The Aaronic Priesthood in the Epistle to the Hebrews
8. Septuagintal and New Testament Conceptions of the Church

Synagogue and the Church in the Roman Empire
9. Messianism among Jews and Christians in the Second Century
10. Suffering and Messianism in Yose ben Yose
11. Antichrist among Jews and Gentiles
12. The Cult of Christ and the Cult of the Saints


Uma história dos Macabeus

ATKINSON, K. A History of the Hasmonean State: Josephus and Beyond. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2016, 208 p. – ISBN 9780567669032.


Kenneth Atkinson, A History of the Hasmonean State: Josephus and Beyond

Kenneth Atkinson tells the exciting story of the nine decades of the Hasmonean rule of Judea (152 – 63 BCE) by going beyond the accounts of the Hasmoneans in Josephus in order to bring together new evidence to reconstruct how the Hasmonean family transformed their kingdom into a state that lasted until the arrival of the Romans.

Atkinson reconstructs the relationships between the Hasmonean state and the rulers of the Seleucid and the Ptolemaic Empires, the Itureans, the Nabateans, the Parthians, the Armenians, the Cappadocians, and the Roman Republic. He draws on a variety of previously unused sources, including papyrological documentation, inscriptions, archaeological evidence, numismatics, Dead Sea Scrolls, pseudepigrapha, and textual sources from the Hellenistic to the Byzantine periods.

Atkinson also explores how Josephus’s political and social situation in Flavian Rome affected his accounts of the Hasmoneans and why any study of the Hasmonean state must go beyond Josephus to gain a full appreciation of this unique historical period that shaped Second Temple Judaism, and created the conditions for the rise of the Herodian dynasty and the emergence of Christianity.

Kenneth Atkinson is Professor of History at the University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA, USA.

Table of contents

1. Introduction
2. The Foundation of the Hasmonean Dynasty
3. John Hyrcanus: His Role During Simon’s Reign and his Consolidation of Political and Secular Powers
4. Judah Aristobulus: The Creation of the Hasmonean Monarchy
5. Alexander Jannaeus: A Period of Conquest and Expansion
6. Shelamzion Alexandra: A Hasmonean Golden Age
7. Pompey and the Hasmoneans: Hyrcanus II, Aristobulus II, and the End of the Hasmonean Monarchy
8. After the Roman Conquest
9. Conclusion: Josephus, Rome, and Hasmonean History
Bibliography: Primary Sources
Bibliography: Secondary Sources

Leia um capítulo do livro na revista online The Bible and Interpretation – October 2016

A History of the Hasmonean State: Josephus and Beyond – By Kenneth Atkinson

Josephus cautiously avoided messianism in his history of the Hasmonean period. He appears to have been reluctant to document any Hasmonean history that involved the violent messianism of the type that had contributed to the outbreak of the First Jewish War. Instead, he stresses that the Hasmonean family’s rule had gone well until they had established a monarchy and allowed sectarian factions to influence politics. Josephus wrote his books partly to support the aristocracy, namely the rule of the Pharisees and their leaders. For Josephus, these groups represented caution and Roman aristocratic values. They were opposed to the religious zeal of the Zealots and related Jewish groups that had caused the rebellion against Rome. For Josephus, the priests and the aristocrats were the only legitimate Jewish leaders.