Para que não se esqueça, para que nunca mais aconteça.
Dom Paulo Evaristo Arns – Brasil Nunca Mais
Pilatos bonzinho o escambau! – Segunda parte do Especial Semana Santa – Vídeo no YouTube
Por Reinaldo José Lopes – Repórter de Ciência da Folha de S. Paulo – 25.03.2016
Do ponto de vista histórico, o que realmente aconteceu na prisão, no julgamento, na execução e no sepultamento de Jesus? É o que investigo neste vídeo, intrépido leitor! Para começo de conversa, tire da cabeça essa ideia de que o Pilatos até que era bonzinho — o cara era do mal! Vídeo no YouTube
Pra galera que pede fontes: um bom começo é o livro “A Paixão”, de Geza Vermes.
Recomendo. Reinaldo José Lopes trata temas bíblicos com seriedade e competência.
Evangelho de Judas! Especial Semana Santa – Vídeo no YouTube
Por Reinaldo José Lopes – Repórter de Ciência da Folha de S. Paulo – 23.03.2016
Será que Judas não era um vilão, mas um herói que ajudou Jesus a cumprir seu destino? É o que diz um misterioso evangelho apócrifo descoberto no Egito. Saiba tudo sobre esse texto descoberto em 2006, que não traz informações sobre o Jesus histórico, mas mostra um lado pouco conhecido do cristianismo primitivo.
Recomendo. Reinaldo José Lopes trata temas bíblicos com seriedade e competência.
Se a Bíblia não é história, o que é então?
Este volume analisa as consequências desta pergunta…
HJELM, I. ; THOMPSON, T. L. (eds.) Biblical Interpretation Beyond Historicity: Changing Perspectives 7. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 208 p. – ISBN 9781138889521.
Biblical Interpretation beyond Historicity evaluates the new perspectives that have emerged since the crisis over historicity in the 1970s and 80s in the field of biblical scholarship. Several new studies in the field, as well as the ‘deconstructive’ side of literary criticism that emerged from writers such as Derrida and Wittgenstein, among others, lead biblical scholars today to view the texts of the Bible more as literary narratives than as sources for a history of Israel. Increased interest in archaeological and anthropological studies in writing the history of Palestine and the ancient Near East leads to the need for an evidence-based history of Palestine.
This volume analyses the consequences of the question: “If the Bible is not history, what is it then?” The editors, Hjelm and Thompson are members of the Copenhagen School, which was formed in the light of this question and the commitment to a new approach to both the history of Palestine and the Bible’s place in ancient history. This volume features essays from a range of highly regarded scholars, and is divided into three sections: “Beyond Historicity”, which explores alternative historical roles for the Bible, “Greek Connections”, which discusses the Bible’s context in the Hellenistic world and “Reception”, which explores extra-biblical functions of biblical studies.
Copenhagen International Seminar
Ou seja: por volta de 1550-1150 a.C.
Este estudo é baseado na tese de doutorado de Emanuel Pfoh, defendida em 2011 na Universidade de Buenos Aires.
PFOH, E. Syria-Palestine in The Late Bronze Age: An Anthropology of Politics and Power. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 246 p. – ISBN 9781844657841.
Syria-Palestine in the Late Bronze Age presents an explicitly anthropological perspective on politics and social relationships. An anthropological reading of the textual and epigraphic remains of the time allows us to see how power was constructed and political subordination was practised and expressed. Syria-Palestine in the Late Bronze Age identifies a particular political ontology, native to ancient Syro-Palestinian societies, which informs and constitutes their social worlds. This political ontology, based on patronage relationships, provides a way of understanding the political culture and the social dynamics of ancient Levantine peoples. It also illuminates the historical processes taking place in the region, processes based on patrimonial social structures and articulated through patron-client bonds.
Copenhagen International Seminar
Post atualizado hoje, 21 de março de 2016, por Charles Jones em AWOL – The Ancient World Online.
É uma grande e preciosa coleção de links comentados para sites que oferecem recursos digitais para o estudo da geografia do mundo antigo.
:. 2300 Ancient Sites on Google Earth
:. Ancient Locations: Database of Archaeological Sites
:. Ancient World Mapping Center
:. ANE Placemarks for Google Earth
:. APAAME: Aerial Photography Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East
:. Archaeological Survey of Israel
Included in the following list are links to digital project dealing with geography and the ancient world. It is an eclectic list, culled mostly from entries in AWOL. It has no pretentions of being complete or comprehensive, but is offered to give readers a sense of the range of materials currently accessible.
Vale a pena conferir.
Atenção: Essa atualização deve ser feita até 22 de março de 2016.
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Este livro foi publicado em 2009 em capa dura. Agora retorna em paperback.
PFOH, E. The Emergence of Israel in Ancient Palestine: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives. Abingdon: Routledge, 2009, 236 p. – ISBN 9781845535292.
PFOH, E. The Emergence of Israel in Ancient Palestine: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 192 p. – ISBN 9781138661134.
Taking advantage of critical methodology for history-writing and the use of anthropological insights and ethnographic data from the modern Middle East, this study aims at providing new understandings on the emergence of Israel in ancient Palestine and the socio-political dynamics at work in the Levant during antiquity. The book begins with a discussion of matters of historiography and history-writing, both in ancient and modern times, and an evaluation on the incidence of the modern theological discourse in relation to history and history-writing. Chapter 2 evaluates the methodology used by biblical scholars for gaining knowledge on ancient Israelite society. Pfoh argues that such attempts often apply socio-scientific models on biblical narratives without external evidence of the reconstructed past, producing a virtual past reality which cannot be confirmed concretely. Chapter 3 deals with the archaeological remains usually held as clear evidence of Israelite statehood in the tenth century BCE. The main criticism is directed towards archaeological interpretations of the data which are led by the biblical narratives of the books of Judges and Samuel, resulting in a harmonic blend of ancient literature and modern anthropological models on state-formation. Chapter 4 continues with the discussion on how anthropological models should be employed for history-writing. Socio-political concepts, such as chiefdom society or state formation should not be imposed on the contents of ancient literary sources (i.e., the Bible) but used instead to analyse our primary sources (the archaeological and epigraphic records), in order to create a socio-historical account. The final chapter attempts to provide an historical explanation regarding the emergence of Israel in ancient Palestine without relying on the Bible but only on archaeology, epigraphy and anthropological insights. This Israel is not the biblical one. This is the Israel from history, the one that the modern historian aims at recovering from the study of ancient epigraphic and archaeological remains. The arguments presented challenge the idea that the biblical writers were recording historical events as we understand this practice nowadays and that we can use the biblical records for creating critical histories of Israel in ancient Palestine. It also questions the existence of undisputable traces of statehood in the archaeological record from the Iron Age, as the biblical images about a United Monarchy might lead us to believe. Thus, drawing on ethnographic insights, we may gain a better knowledge on how ancient Levantine societies functioned, providing us with a context for understanding the emergence of historical Israel as a major highland patronate, with a socio-political life of almost two centuries. It is during the later periods of ancient Palestines history, the Persian and the Graeco-Roman, that we find the proper context into which biblical Israel is created, beginning a literary life of more than two millennia.
HJELM, I. ; THOMPSON, T. L. (eds.) History, Archaeology and The Bible Forty Years After “Historicity”: Changing Perspectives 6. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 230 p. – ISBN 9781138889514.
Este livro examina as principais mudanças ocorridas no campo dos estudos do Antigo Testamento desde as inovadoras obras de Thomas L. Thompson e John Van Seters em 1974 e 1975 – ambas reeditadas em 2014. Veja o sumário aqui.
In History, Archaeology and the Bible Forty Years after “Historicity”, Hjelm and Thompson argue that a ‘crisis’ broke in the 1970s, when several new studies of biblical history and archaeology were published, questioning the historical-critical method of biblical scholarship. The crisis formed the discourse of the Copenhagen school’s challenge of standing positions, which—together with new achievements in archaeological research—demand that the regional history of ancient Israel, Judaea and Palestine be reconsidered in all its detail. This volumeexamines the major changes that have taken place within the field of Old Testament studies since the ground breaking works of Thomas Thompson and John van Seters in 1974 and 1975 (both republished in 2014). The book is divided in three sections: changing perspectives in biblical studies, history and cult, and ideology and history, presenting new articles from some of the field’s best scholars with comprehensive discussion of historical, archaeological, anthropological, cultural and literary approaches to the Hebrew Bible and Palestine’s history. The essays question: “How does biblical history relate to the archaeological history of Israel and Palestine?” and “Can we view the history of the region independently of a biblical perspective?” by looking at the problem from alternative angles and questioning long-held interpretations.
E um artigo:
Article from History, Archaeology and The Bible Forty Years After “Historicity”. By Ingrid Hjelm – Faculty of Theology University of Copenhagen – The Bible and Interpretation: March 2016