Jesus é visto pelos pesquisadores a partir da ótica neoliberal

Li a resenha que Jim West fez do recente livro de James Crossley, Professor da Universidade de Sheffield, Reino Unido, Jesus em uma Era de Neoliberalismo: Questões, saber e ideologia.

CROSSLEY, J. G. Jesus in an Age of Neoliberalism: Quests, Scholarship and Ideology. London: Equinox Publishing, 2012, 256 p. – ISBN 9781908049

O livro de Crossley é, segundo alguns biblistas que já o leram, uma brilhante crítica ideológica da pesquisa exegética. O autor mostra como a pesquisa atual sobre o Jesus histórico é moldada pela pós-modernidade e pelo neoliberalismo norte-americanos fortemente influenciados pelo consumismo. E ele não apenas analisa o que este tipo de discurso defende abertamente, mas, principalmente, o que ele esconde. Há um forte conservadorismo na pesquisa, inclusive onde ela aparece camuflada como ruptura com o status quo.

Jim West, por exemplo, conclui sua resenha com a seguinte observação:
Crossley’s work doesn’t simply need to be read, it needs to be digested and the implications of his research discussed and debated. Academic research itself is at stake and the future of academia under a shadow so long as academics are serfs of the status quo.

Em tradução livre:
A obra de Crossley não pode ser simplesmente lida, ela precisa ser digerida e as implicações de sua pesquisa discutidas e debatidas. É a pesquisa acadêmica em si que está em jogo e o futuro da academia ensombrecido, pois os acadêmicos são servos do status quo.

A editora diz do livro:
Jesus in an Age of Neoliberalism analyses the ideology underpinning scholarly and popular quests for the historical Jesus in a neoliberal age. The book focus is cultural and political concerns, notably postmodernism, multiculturalism and liberal masking of power. The study explores a range of issues: the dubious periodisation of the quest for the historical Jesus; “biblioblogging”; Jesus the “Great Man” and western individualism; image-conscious Jesus scholarship; the “Jewishness” of Jesus and the multicultural Other; evangelical and “mythical” Jesuses; and the contradictions between personal beliefs and dominant ideological trends in the construction of historical Jesuses.

Sumário do livro:

Chapter 1: Introduction: Jesus Quests and Contexts

PART I: From Mont Pelerin to Eternity? Contextualising an Age of Neoliberalism
Chapter 2: Neoliberalism and Postmodernity
Chapter 3: Biblioblogging: Connected Scholarship
Chapter 4: ‘Not Made by Great Men’? The Quest for the Individual Christ
Chapter 5: ‘Never Trust a Hippy’: Finding a Liberal Jesus Where You Might Not Think

PART II: Jesus in an Age of Neoliberalism
Chapter 6: A ‘fundamentally unreliable adoration’: ‘Jewishness’ and the Multicultural Jesus
Chapter 7: The Jesus Who Wasn’t There? Conservative Christianity, Atheism and Other Religious Influences

PART III: Contradictions
Chapter 8: ‘Forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing!’ Other Problems, Extremes and the Social World of Jesus
Chapter 9: Red Tory Christ

Chapter 10: Conclusion

Este livro pode ser lido com proveito ao lado de outra obra importante de James Crossley: Jesus in an Age of Terror: Scholarly Projects for a New American Century. London: Equinox Publishing, 2008, 256 p. – ISBN 9781845534295 (Hardcover) 9781845534301 (Paperback).

Saiba mais sobre James Crossley e o livro aqui e aqui.

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